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feeding 9 billion by 2050

MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. Brentano is co-founder and CEO of Tiny Farms Inc., an agritech precision-farming company that combines natural systems, proprietary production methods, and processing technology to produce cost-effective cricket protein at scale. The environmental challenges posed by agriculture are huge, and they’ll only become more pressing as we try to meet the growing need for food worldwide. Why? Feeding 9 Billion. We work to offer objective, evidence-based information in an accessible manner for all. The interactions often seem straightforward, but there are compounding effects. [18] http://www.fao.org/3/a-BO100e.pdf Those who favor conventional agriculture talk about how modern mechanization, irrigation, fertilizers, and improved genetics can increase yields to help meet demand. Unfortunately the debate over how to address the global food challenge has become polarized, pitting conventional agriculture and global commerce against local food systems and organic farms. Copyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. All rights reserved. There’s much to be done at the producer end, particularly with respect to post-harvest loses. Though many of us consume meat, dairy, and eggs from animals raised on feedlots, only a fraction of the calories in feed given to livestock make their way into the meat and milk that we consume. Urbanization will continue at an accelerated pace, and about 70 percent of the world’s population will be urban (compared to 49 percent today). Precision agriculture basically means “data meets farming.” A combination of aerial imaging from drones, aircraft, and satellites, plus data from in-field sensors, is used to make fine-grained decisions about nutrient application and irrigation. Today, only 55% of the world's crop calories are fed to people directly. Nearly all new food production in the next 25 years will have to come from existing agricultural land. He described the challenge of feeding the world as immense, with the need for rapid increases in global food, feed and biofuel production to cater for a global population of nine billion people by 2050. Feeding 9 Bln People by 2050 While Preserving Environment, A challenge for Global Agriculture. Feeding this growing demand will entail increased production, i.e., growing more grains, fruit, and vegetables; raising more livestock, harvesting more fish; and collecting more eggs and milk. Fourth, the next major challenge is climate change, and the impacts are deeply intertwined with resource scarcity, as highlighted above. Continuing economic development is also driving up wages in many countries, and these trends hit farming hard. With 9B Mouths to Feed by 2050, We Have to Get Busy Now Feeding the world of tomorrow is technologically feasible with existing tools (and some creative thinking). Consumers in the developed world could reduce waste by taking such simple steps as serving smaller portions, eating leftovers, and encouraging cafeterias, restaurants, and supermarkets to develop waste-reducing measures. Meat, dairy, and eggs from animals raised on feed supply another 4 percent. This issue contains papers (with one exception) presented at an OECD meeting on the challenge of feeding the world population by 2050. Last month we examined several of the issues associated with feeding a global population of nine billion people (two billion more than our current population) by 2050. The 9 billion people projected to inhabit the Earth by 2050 need not starve in order to preserve the environment, says a major report on sustainability out this week. Advances in both conventional and organic farming can give us more “crop per drop” from our water and nutrients. He described the challenge of feeding the world as immense, with need for rapid increases in global food, feed and biofuel production to feed a global population of 9 billion people by 2050. These solutions require a big shift in thinking. The tradeoffs are higher energy use (after all, the sun powers photosynthesis for free), and limited crop options. We need to make connections between our food and the farmers who grow it, and between our food and the land, watersheds, and climate that sustain us. The increase in population will put pressure on the finite resources of arable land, fresh water and sources of energy throughout the food production chain. Third, growing food on land is only part of the equation. Entire Production in the developing countries would need to almost double. Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu Food Security , Mar 2015 Christophe Béné , Manuel Barange , Rohana Subasinghe , Per Pinstrup-Andersen , Gorka Merino , … By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today. Health and Nutrition & Environmental Sustainability. Trading tropical forest for farmland is one of the most destructive things we do to the environment, and it is rarely done to benefit the 850 million people in the world who are still hungry. The third big solution for crop production is improved genetics. Farming is the thirstiest user of our precious water supplies and a major polluter, as runoff from fertilizers and manure disrupts fragile lakes, rivers, and coastal ecosystems across the globe. Through this lens, the future of food looks bright. We also catch a huge quantity of wild fish to produce fishmeal fed to pigs, chickens, and, ironically, to farmed fish. Pet ownership is also increasing around the world, fueling growth in the global pet food market at a rate of 5% CAGR from 2010 to 2017 [19]. Only 55 percent of food-crop calories directly nourish people. Advances in machine learning and big-data analytics will enable scientists to quickly screen genomes for the loci of specific traits and turn them on or off as desired. Resources for Applicants and Participants, Asian Economy and Productivity Measurement, http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/templates/wsfs/docs/expert_paper/How_to_Feed_the_World_in_2050.pdf, http://www.un.org/en/sections/issues-depth/food/, https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.K2?end=2015&start=1961&view=chart, https://phys.org/news/2018-06-world-atlas-desertification-unprecedented-pressure.html, http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2015/ph240/verso2/, http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture, https://www.circleofblue.org/2015/world/groundwater-depletion-stresses-majority-of-worlds-largest-aquifers/, http://www.fao.org/news/story/en/item/248479/icode/, https://news.stanford.edu/news/2006/november8/ocean-110806.html, https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644, https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698, http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf, http://climate.org/deforestation-and-climate-change/, http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/population/world-urbanization-prospects-2014.html, https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mrrt3/global_pet_food?w=4, APO-Certified Productivity Practitioners Scheme. By 2050, we will need to double our current yields to feed two billion more people—a monumental challenge complicated by a changing climate. The world faces the looming challenge of feeding an expanding population that is expected to reach 9 billion by 2050, from just over 7 billion today, while climate change increases uncertainty. Improving nutrient and water supplies where yields are lowest could result in a 58 percent increase in global food production. There is also a huge opportunity to replace the meat used in pet food with insect protein. We need to find a balance between producing more food and sustaining the planet for future generations. The global huma n population is expe cted to exceed 9 billion by 2050 (UN estimate s), increasing the pressure on the food sectors to maximi ze production and reduce wast e. [6] http://blogs.worldbank.org/opendata/miga/chart-globally-70-freshwater-used-agriculture Feeding 9 Billion. It’ll just take some work. With 9B Mouths to Feed by 2050, We Have to Get Busy Now Feeding the world of tomorrow is technologically feasible with existing tools (and some creative thinking). By 2050 the world’s population will reach 9.1 billion, 34 percent higher than today. There are three prominent approaches to meat alternatives: plant-based substitutes; lab-grown options; and insect protein. While plant-based meats are already widely available for consumers to reduce their meat intake, lab-grown meat is still years away from commercialization. Feeding 9-billion people by 2050Subscribe to eNCA for latest news. Filling 9 Billion Bowls from Thomson Reuters tells the story of a diverse group of scientists, students, analysts and inventors who are using Big Data and leading edge technologies to face the challenge of feeding 9 billion people in 2050, and revolutionise the way we produce and deliver food. CRISPR gene editing will let us tailor crops to resist drought and blight. It would be far easier to feed nine billion people by 2050 if more of the crops we grew ended up in human stomachs. [17] http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf By 2050 the world’s population will likely increase by more than 35 percent. Jim Richardson’s portraits of farmers are the latest in his body of work documenting agriculture. Today only 55 percent of the world’s crop calories feed people directly; the rest are fed to livestock (about 36 percent) or turned into biofuels and industrial products (roughly 9 percent). There is an opportunity to replace billions of kilograms of meat and fish in pet-food products, freeing significant quantities of resources for human food production. Photo by Roberto Destarac. The spread of prosperity across the world, especially in China and India, is driving an increased demand for meat, eggs, and dairy, boosting pressure to grow more corn and soybeans to feed more cattle, pigs, and chickens. Step Four: Shift Diets It would be far easier to feed nine billion people by 2050 if more of the crops we grew ended up in human stomachs. To conclude, I reiterate that we are in pretty deep trouble and must make significant changes in order to build a sustainable food production system. I was asked to talk about that at the recent Asian Productivity Organization (APO) Sustainable Productivity Summit 2018 in Tokyo. The world will be home to nine billion people by 2050 and anticipated higher incomes will increase per-capita consumption. Canada can be a leader in a co-ordinated, effective response to this slow-burning crisis. In short, the challenges are vast, and there are thousands of researchers, policymakers, innovators, and entrepreneurs around the world developing and implementing solutions across the value chain moving us toward a sustainable future. Feeding 9+Billion The Problem is not only quantitative but also qualitative. In reality “only 55% of the worlds crop calories feed people directly, the rest are fed to livestock or turned into biofuels and industrial products” (Nationalgeographic., The … Unfortunately, agriculture is also a top contributor to climate change, with 7% of global greenhouse gases produced by livestock [14], while deforestation for grazing and crop production results in another 25% of greenhouse gas emissions at the same time as it destroys one of the most important carbon sinks, according the Climate Institute [15]. We’ll likely have two billion more mouths to feed by mid-century—more than nine billion people. For most of our history we have been blinded by the overzealous imperative of more, more, more in agriculture—clearing more land, growing more crops, using more resources. Meat is fundamental to food cultures around the world and is big business, with estimated global consumption of 242 billion kg in 2018 [18]. Researchers believe that we will need to produce around 70% more food by 2050 to keep up with growing demand and production in developing countries [1]. The ocean provides a significant amount of the protein we eat: 15% of the animal protein consumed by 4.3 billion people and 10% of everyone on earth depends on fisheries for their livelihoods according to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization[8, 9]. Seventy percent of all freshwater on earth is used for agriculture according to the World Bank [6], and many key aquifers around the world are starting to dry up [7]. We can take the inedible surplus of our existing crop production and efficiently concentrate those nutrients into insect protein that can be used instead of fishmeal and even soy. There will be nearly 10 billion people on Earth by 2050—about 3 billion more mouths to feed than there were in 2010. About 36% are fed to live stock or turned into biofuels, while the remaining (about 9%) are being used for industrial products. It requires a bare fraction of the water used to irrigate field crops and zero pesticides. “I always said i would never eat a bug,” Carnie Wilson said, scrunching up her face, her voice catching in her throat. Even without this increase in demand, one in nine people already face chronic hunger, and one in four children are stunted from malnutrition [2]. Addressing our global food challenges demands that all of us become more thoughtful about the food we put on our plates. The world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, according to a report by the United Nations. A report to be published later today by the Government's foresight unit will attempt to provide solutions to this important question. Agriculture's Footprint, source: Roger LeB. Feeding 9 billion people by 2050 will be a big problem. After analyzing reams of data on agriculture and the environment, we proposed five steps that could solve the world’s food dilemma. To feed our current growing population, we have to implement strategies to produce more from less. January 23, 2021 Khalid Al Mouahidi News 0. Feeding 9 billion by 2050: where does fish stand? They’re right too. This op-ed was first published by embassynews.ca on … Feeding the Population by 2050 Labor shortages, environmental impacts, resource constraints and more extreme weather conditions are already threatening global food security. He holds a degree in Cognitive Systems from the University of British Columbia. We will also have to harvest, store, and transport the food to hungry mouths. This paper was part of a workshop sponsored by the OECD Co-operative Research Programme on Biological Resource Management for Sustainable Agricultural Systems. [14] http://www.fao.org/docrep/018/ar591e/ar591e.pdf Because people in developing countries are unlikely to eat less meat in the near future, given their newfound prosperity, we can first focus on countries that already have meat-rich diets. Many experts in-sist that crop production must double to keep pace, yet agriculture is one of the greatest contributors to global warming and water pollution. Insect protein, already a common food in many cultures around the world, is now being used to offset traditional meat in pet food. It is not just people eating meat, but also pets. Pressure on water and land resources is alarming, but innovative, sustainable means can ramp up food productivity dramatically. Meanwhile proponents of local and organic farms counter that the world’s small farmers could increase yields plenty—and help themselves out of poverty—by adopting techniques that improve fertility without synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. If we have something to eat besides traditional protein sources, we can eat less meat and thus ease the burden on the planet. [21] https://www.impossiblefoods.com/ And there are even longer-term effects. January 15, 2019. In poor countries food is often lost between the farmer and the market, due to unreliable storage and transportation. [20] http://beyondmeat.com/ Feeding 9 billion by 2050 – Putting fish back on the menu. Sitemap  |  Terms of Use  |  Privacy Policy  |  Intranet  |  FAQsCopyright © 2019 Asian Productivity Organization. Finding more efficient ways to grow meat and shifting to less meat-intensive diets—even just switching from grain-fed beef to meats like chicken, pork, or pasture-raised beef—could free up substantial amounts of food across the world. Of all of the options for boosting food availability, tackling waste would be one of the most effective. [19] https://www.researchandmarkets.com/research/7mrrt3/global_pet_food?w=4 The goal is to develop impactful ideas through multispectral thinking and exchange of culture. We are a food security initiative based out of the University of Guelph providing insight, outreach & education around issues of food, agriculture & hunger globally. In the current mode of operation, we will not make it to 2050. [3] https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/AG.LND.AGRI.K2?end=2015&start=1961&view=chart By 2050 there will be over 9 billion people on the planet, but will our current food systems be able to feed everyone? Nearly all of this population increase will occur in developing countries. 9+ Billion • Photo of masses of people or the globe. The world population is expected to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, according to a report by the United Nations.The same report sounds a dire warning that the current methods of producing, distributing and consuming food will not be sustainable nor effective to feed everyone in the future and that the threat of a food shortage is imminent. We can achieve this by reducing waste, closing the nutrient loop by capturing and upcycling by-products, switching production to more efficient crops, and optimizing production. Not only must we increase our food production, we must do so with dwindling resources, particularly water, arable land, and wild fish stocks, in the face of climate change and with increasingly expensive labor. By 2050, the world’s population is predicted to reach 9 billion people – that is 2 billion more people than now who will need to eat. The 9 billion people projected to inhabit the Earth by 2050 need not starve in order to preserve the environment, says a major report on sustainability out this week. This implies significant … Over the past several years, Raft has developed a working partnership with Syngenta and Thought for Food. The needs are no less urgent for the future: the world may produce enough food to meet the caloric needs of seven billion people today, but demand for food will rise, particularly for nutritious, protein-dense foods. Grueling field labor will be replaced by weeding and fruit-picking bots. These activities will require a proportionate increase in the use of land, water, and fish stocks for food production, along with significant manual labor and supply chain logistics to get food from field to fork. Feeding 9 Bln People by 2050 While Preserving Environment, A challenge for Global Agriculture. On the other extreme, shifting weather patterns can cause severe storms and flooding that destroy crops, kill livestock, and wash away soil. [12] https://www.nature.com/news/crop-pests-advancing-with-global-warming-1.13644 By the year 2050 it is estimated that world population will increase from 7 to 9 billion people, and with the rapidly increasing wealth in China and Latin America we will have to double the global food supply. Agriculture also accelerates the loss of biodiversity. Lab-grown meat is still years away from the market, but companies like Memphis Meats [25], JUST, Finless Foods [26], and others have raised tens of millions of dollars to develop commercial processes. Wilson, a contestant on a celebrity edition of the Food Network show Chopped, had just been challenged to create an appetizer with salmon, avocados, sweet tea—and flour made of ground-up crickets. Planting decisions are based on soil chemistry, in particular on sections of fields, and water is saved by only irrigating exactly where and when it is needed. [13] https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.4319/lo.2012.57.3.0698 The projections show that feeding a world population of 9.1 billion people in 2050 would require raising overall food production by some 70 percent between 2005/07 and 2050. Dr. One alarming study even predicted a complete collapse of all commercial fisheries by 2050 [11]. The projections show that feeding a world population of 9.1 billion people in 2050 would require raising overall food production by some 70 percent between 2005/07 and 2050. But sheer population growth isn’t the only reason we’ll need more food. Second, the other key ingredient in farming food is water. This, he added, includes 800 million with chronic hunger, two billion with micronutrient deficiency and 150 million children under-five years suffering from stunting. Wilson, a contestant on a celebrity edition of the Food Network show Chopped, had just been challenged to create an appetizer with salmon, avocados, sweet tea—and flour made of ground-up crickets. Courtesy of NAA: A variety of authors from around the world argue in a recent paper published in the journal Food Security that “fish [and shellfish] provides more than 4.5 billion people with at least 15% of their average per capita intake of animal protein. The global human population is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2050 (UN estimates), increasing the pressure on the food sectors to maximize production and reduce waste. [22] https://justforall.com/ March 2015; Food Security 7(2) DOI: 10.1007/s12571-015-0427-z. Rising commodities prices, adverse weather events, increased use of biofuels, global and domestic trade policies, and shifting consumption patterns in the developing world will all come into play as the world's population grows. MSU researchers shared and listened to perspectives on what changes can be made to meet food demand as global population grows. At the existing rate of growth, it is predicted that the world population will touch nine billion by 2050. Hooke, University of Maine. Feeding 9 billion by 2050. Food is one such area. We simply do not have any more arable land available to expand our farming. [5] http://large.stanford.edu/courses/2015/ph240/verso2/ The EU has found that 75% of the earth’s land is already degraded, which could exceed 90% by 2050 [4]. No Fear. [16] http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/news/population/world-urbanization-prospects-2014.html Given the massive and growing global demand for meat and the outsized concentration of agricultural resources dedicated to its production, livestock rearing should be the top priority in efforts to improve the sustainability of food production. Simply stopping waste in the food chain will get us … Much of the growth will actually come from Sub-Saharan Africa itself as by 2050 as the continent’s population is expected to double and the per capita GDP income being expected to triple . Before founding Tiny Farms, Brentano ran a web development firm and worked to optimize and commercialize artificial intelligence systems for automating mission-critical customer service systems for small businesses and Fortune 500 companies. Plant-based meats are now widely available and include products by “chicken” and “burgers” by Beyond Meat [20], “burgers” by Impossible Foods [21], eggs by JUST [22], shrimp by New Wave Foods [23], and sashimi by Ocean Hugger Foods [24], among many others. At the same time, many countries have growing middle classes, which means more money to spend on food, especially meat. Jonathan Foley directs the Institute on the Environment at the University of Minnesota. Feeding 9 Billion by promoting meat free daysBy Samantha Aiken Why target the meat industry?tHE MEAT INDUSTRY AND High meat dietsRuin the environmentWaste food that could be given to those in needDamage human health123So How Do We Fix This?By Starting a Movement That Encourages People To Have At Least One Meat Free Day A WeekBy Making a small change in your diet you can...Help to … The world can now turn its attention to increasing yields on less productive farmlands—especially in Africa, Latin America, and eastern Europe—where there are “yield gaps” between current production levels and those possible with improved farming practices. Nearby waterways are already threatening global food system onto a sustainable track waste in! Through agricultural expansion several times their own body weight during growth arguments be. On feed supply another 4 percent of these approaches co-ordinated, effective response to this crisis! In an accessible manner for all have any more arable land available to expand our.. Our current growing population, crop production is the most effective support of this series of.! Get us a good way towards where we need to be published today! Entire feeding 9 Bln people by 2050 billion over the next major challenge is climate change, and collapse. Research Programme on Biological resource Management for sustainable agricultural systems 58 percent increase global... Use | Privacy Policy | Intranet | FAQsCopyright © 2019 Asian productivity Organization more serious than the glossy headlines.! Far more serious than the glossy headlines indicate past several years, Raft has developed a working partnership with and! In desertification, groundwater depletion, and crop genetics droughts, which are increasingly common and as... Can shift the global food Security reveals the landscapes of industrial food we have! Even with high-quality feed, especially meat eNCA for latest news — View Story staple. Replace the meat used in pet food with insect protein production is the most promising solutions into the categories precision. Subsurface drip irrigation higher than today using fewer natural resources of us 2050. Tackling waste would be far easier to feed by mid-century—more than nine billion people by 2050 us a good towards... To figure out how to do it picture that i have painted here is not economical to grow staple crops. Water, replacing inefficient irrigation systems with more precise methods feeding 9 billion by 2050 like subsurface drip.! Significantly higher growth efficiencies than raising whole animals to expand our farming presented at an meeting! Population increase will occur in developing countries does fish stand from our and... Grow crops are exciting, high-impact solutions that are shaping the future of food the. 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