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who was the royal governor of massachusetts

Hand-colored woodcut - MP5W23 from Alamy's library of millions of … The life of Thomas Hutchinson, royal governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay Email to: Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander and other First Nations people are advised that this catalogue contains names, recordings and images of deceased people and other content that may be culturally sensitive. The Governor's Council served as the executive for ten days; the council's chair, Thomas Dawes was at no point named governor or acting governor. He, like most other state officers, senators, and representatives, was originally elected annually. William Dummer Acting Royal Governor of Massachusetts 1723-1728, 1729-1730 [edit | edit source] -Born in Boston to Jeremiah Dummer and Anna Atwater in 1677. Chapter 6 Thomas Hutchinson becomes the royal governor of Massachusetts. Despite several proposals for establishing an official residence for the governor of Massachusetts, including the Endicott Estate which was once acquired for the purpose, the Commonwealth of Massachusetts does not have a governor's mansion. Account & Lists Account Returns & Orders. The life of Thomas Hutchinson, royal governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay [Hosmer, James Kendall] on Amazon.com. Acted as governor for the remainder of Cellucci's term. When that ended the British government proposed to tax colonists help pay for it. 215 likes. [2], The Plymouth Colony originated as a land grant issued by the London Virginia Company to a group of English separatist Puritans who had fled to Holland to avoid religious persecution. At one time, Governor John A. Volpe accepted the donation of the Endicott Estate in Dedham from the heirs of Henry Bradford Endicott. The front doors of the State House are only opened when a governor leaves office, a head of state or the president of the United States comes to visit the State House, or for the return of flags from Massachusetts regiments at the end of wars. The Royal Governors of Massachusetts Bay Colony 1692-1780. The title "His Excellency" is a throwback to the royally appointed governors of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. In 1650 as one of his first acts as governor, he signed the charter to Harvard College, establishing the guidelines in which the University still uses for operation today. Instead of protecting the colony's autonomy, the charter incorporated Plymouth into the Province of Massachusetts Bay, which took effect in 1692 with the arrival of royal governor Sir William Phips. [21] In 1629, the company received a royal charter as a means to guarantee its grant against other claims, and elected Endecott as the first colonial governor, while Cradock continued to govern the company in London. Acted as governor for most of the remainder of Sumner's term. James Wright, who replaced Ellis in 1760, proved to be an efficient administrator and a popular governor. The territory that it encompassed included the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, the territories of Maine and Nova Scotia (which then included New Brunswick), and the proprietary plantation holdings of Nantucket, Martha's Vineyard, and other islands off the southern coast of Cape Cod. He was recalled to England after the Battle of Bunker Hill in June 1775, by which time the Massachusetts Provincial Congress exercised de facto control of Massachusetts territory outside British-occupied Boston. Settlements that failed or were merged into other colonies included the failed Popham Colony (1607) on the coast of Maine, and the Wessagusset Colony (1622–23) in Weymouth, Massachusetts, whose remnants were folded into the Plymouth Colony. The governor then crosses the street into Boston Common, thereby symbolically rejoining the commonwealth as a private citizen. The Massachusetts Constitution was adopted in 1779, and the Commonwealth of Massachusetts elected John Hancock as its first governor.[51]. [29] The colony reverted to its previous rule on a provisional basis, because it then lacked any sort of legal charter. Amazon.in - Buy The Life of Thomas Hutchinson, Royal Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay book online at best prices in India on Amazon.in. The reason for the creation of such a post was there existed tremendous hostility between the Kingdom of England and the colonists of Massachusetts Bay. Between 1775 and the establishment of the Massachusetts State Constitution in 1780 the state was governed by the provincial congress and an executive council. The governor however would not be chosen by the electorate, instead the position would remain a royal appointment. The original role of the governor was one of a president of the board of a joint-stock company, namely the Massachusetts Bay Company. Kirke's commission was approved by James, but was then withdrawn after Kirke's controversially harsh actions in putting down Monmouth's Rebellion in 1685. Jeremiah Dummer was the firs [3], Beginning with the Massachusetts Bay Company in 1629, the role of Governor has changed throughout its history in terms of powers and selection. He was effectively powerless beyond Boston, and was recalled after the June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill. [37] Sir Edmund Andros governed the Dominion for most of its brief existence, but he alienated New Englanders by forcing the Church of England into Puritan Boston and vacating land titles issued under the old charter. The Dominion of New England combined these and other New England colonies into a single unit in 1686, but collapsed in 1689. …1686, with the arrival of Sir Edmund Andros as the first royal governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay, the authority of the crown was established in Boston itself. Part the Second, Chapter II, Section I, Article I of the Massachusetts Constitution reads. Incoming governors usually choose at least one past governor's portrait to hang in their office. These shareholders were mostly colonists themselves who fit certain religious requirements. The longest-serving governor was Michael Dukakis, who served twelve years in office, although they were not all consecutive. [5][6][7], Any person seeking to become Governor of Massachusetts must meet the following requirements:[8], The role of Governor has existed in Massachusetts since the Royal Charter of 1628. In 1688, it was further extended to include New York and East and West Jersey. [10][11], The Wessagusset Colony (sometimes called the Weston Colony or Weymouth Colony) was a short-lived trading colony located in Weymouth, Massachusetts. There are no term limits restricting how long a governor may serve. Immediately before being sworn into office, the governor-elect receives four symbols from the departing governor: the ceremonial pewter "Key" for the governor's office door, the Butler Bible, the "Gavel", and a two-volume set of the Massachusetts General Statutes with a personal note from the departing governor to his/her successor added to the back of the text. [11], From 1765 on the unraveling of the Province into a full political crisis only increased the tensions between the governor and the people of Massachusetts Bay. Their migration to the New World in 1620 aboard the Mayflower was funded by the Merchant Adventurers, who sent additional settlers to engage in profit-making activities in the colony. Although he lost his case, John Adams would later call this the event that motivated the revolutionary movement. Download this stock image: Thomas Hutchinson, Royal Governor of Massachusetts, 1770s. According to the Massachusetts State Constitution: Whenever the chair of the governor shall be vacant, by reason of his death, or absence from the commonwealth, or otherwise, the lieutenant governor, for the time being, shall, during such vacancy, perform all the duties incumbent upon the governor, and shall have and exercise all the powers and authorities, which by this constitution the governor is vested with, when personally present. Acting Governor Gill never received a lieutenant and died on May 20, 1800, between that year's election and the inauguration of Governor-elect Caleb Strong. [11], With the adoption of the Constitution of Massachusetts in 1780 the role of an elected civilian governor was restored. The governor is also a member of the Massachusetts Governor's Council, a popularly elected council with eight members who provide advice and consent on certain legal matters and appointments. The most notable of his offspring was Joseph Dudley (born 1647) who became the future royal governor of Massachusetts. The governor of Massachusetts does not receive a mansion, other official residence, or housing allowance. 53–54; Hart, p. 1:607, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 13:48. On February 25, 1805, former Royal Governor Thomas Pownall died in Bath, England. The Dominion was extremely unpopular in the colonies, and it was disbanded when its royally appointed governor Sir Edmund Andros was arrested and sent back to England in the wake of the 1688 Glorious Revolution. [26][27] King James II then established the Dominion of New England, an appointed regime which was strongly against the will of the American colonists. Benjamin Butler started the tradition in 1884. [16] Some walks have been modified with some past governors having their wives, friends, or staff accompany them. [47] Gage was the province's last royal governor. [50] By then, the province was already being run de facto by the Massachusetts Provincial Congress, which continued to govern until 1780. Governor (1771-1774 : Hutchinson); Massachusetts. [11], The Dominion of New England was established by King James II in order to bring the colonies of New England more firmly under united crown control, and to streamline the costs associated with colonial administration. Phips remained in Boston throughout the summer until mid-August when departing for Pemaquid in Maine to fortify defenses. Information on the Royal Governors or Massachusetts Bay Colony from the … [14], Despite this terminology, the Massachusetts courts have found that the full authority of the office of the governor devolves to the lieutenant governor upon vacancy in the office of governor, and that there is no circumstance short of death, resignation, or impeachment that would relieve the acting governor from the full gubernatorial responsibilities. John Reynolds, the first royal governor of Georgia, proved ineffective and was recalled at the end of 1756. [22] In August 1629, the shareholders reorganized the company so that the charter could be removed to the colony, merging corporate and colonial administration. The governor of Massachusetts is the chief executive of the commonwealth, and is supported by a number of subordinate officers. Some colonial land claims extended all the way to the Pacific Ocean. [citation needed]. Now the Province of Massachusetts Bay, the colony then encompassed the territory of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, the Plymouth Colony, and areas of what is now the state of Maine. The governor would be elected by freemen, who were shareholders of the company. The title was retained until 1742, when an order from King George II forbade its further use. *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. " The life of thomas hutchison royal governor of the province of massachusetts bay " " The life of Thomas Hutchinson : royal governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay , by James K. Hosmer " " The life of Thomas Hutchinson : Royal Governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay " [28] It took effect in 1686 and lasted until 1689, when the Glorious Revolution toppled James, and colonists in Massachusetts immediately arrested the Dominion's governor Sir Edmund Andros. [52] This occurred three times: Massachusetts Bay Colony: 1629–86, 1689–92, Capen (p. 54) incorrectly lists Dudley as deputy; it was in fact Endecott. The Boston Port Act was part of the. [10], With the creation of the Massachusetts Charter in 1691, the role of civilian governor was restored in Massachusetts Bay. ", "Here's the salary of every governor in the United States", https://malegislature.gov/laws/constitution#chapterIISectionI, "A Third Term For Governor Charlie Baker? The early governors of Massachusetts Bay were staunchly Puritan colonists who wished to form a state that coincided with religious law. governor, dies at 65 from ALS", Political party strength in Massachusetts, Department of Elementary and Secondary Education, Office of Energy and Environmental Affairs, Office of Housing and Economic Development, Office of Labor and Workforce Development, Governors and executives of U.S. states and territories, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Governor_of_Massachusetts&oldid=1000336760, Lists of state governors of the United States, Commonwealth constitutional officers of Massachusetts, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2019, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Resigned due to claimed illness (recurring. [39][40] All of the affected colonies reverted to their previous forms of rule, although Massachusetts did so without constitutional authority because its charter had been revoked. [5] The colony was incorporated into the Dominion of New England in 1686,[9] but the dominion was dissolved in 1689 and all the New England colonies temporarily reverted to their previous governmental structures. 215 likes. One floor housed a merchant’s exchange; the basement operated as a warehouse, and political leaders occupied the second floor, including the Council Chamber of the Royal Governor, where, in 1761, Massachusetts lawyer James Otis famously argued against Writs of Assistance. As of November 2018[update], there are five former governors or acting governors of Massachusetts who are still alive, the oldest being Michael Dukakis (served 1975–1979 and 1983–1991, born 1933). Speaker of the Massachusetts House of Representatives, Treasurer and Receiver General of Massachusetts, Be a Massachusetts resident for at least seven years when elected, Receive 10,000 signatures from registered voters on nomination papers, Note: Municipalities not listed have a town meeting form of government (see, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 18:16. Massachusetts Bay Colony, one of the original English settlements in present-day Massachusetts, settled in 1630 by a group of about 1,000 Puritan refugees from England under Gov. Massachusetts has a republican system of government, akin to a presidential system, where the governor acts as the head of government while having a distinct role from that of the legislative branch. The charter contained a provision that the governor's council would assume the duties of the governor should both governor and lieutenant governor be absent from the colony. The governor has far reaching political obligations ranging from ceremonial to political. Read The Life of Thomas Hutchinson, Royal Governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. [4] In 1630, the colony acquired a formal charter with authority to govern from the Plymouth Council, but it was unsuccessful in attempts to acquire a royal charter that would guarantee its territory against other claimants. The Royal Governors of Massachusetts Bay Colony 1692-1780. [18], In January 1991, outgoing lieutenant governor Evelyn Murphy, the first woman elected to statewide office in Massachusetts, walked down the stairs before Governor Michael Dukakis. The early stages of the American Revolution saw political turmoil in Massachusetts Bay. He initially selected Colonel Percy Kirke as the dominion's governor in 1684. There shall be a supreme executive magistrate, who shall be styled, The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts; and whose title shall be – His Excellency. The executive role during this time was filled by the Governor's Council, the Committee of Safety, and the president of the Congress when in session. Colonial governors of Plymouth and the Massachusetts Bay Colony were elected annually by a limited subset of the male population (known as freemen), while Dominion officials and those of the 1692 province were appointed by the British crown. With the passage of the Intolerable Acts the then Royal Governor Thomas Gage dissolved the General Court and began to govern the province by decree. King William III, however, reorganized the territory of the Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay colonies into the Province of Massachusetts Bay and appointed Sir William Phips as its royal governor in 1692. The governor also serves as commander-in-chief of the commonwealth's armed forces. Life Of Thomas Hutchinson: Royal Governor Of The Province Of Massachusetts Bay [Hosmer, James K] on Amazon.com.au. The Dominion of New England was established in 1686 which covered the territory of those colonies, as well as that of New Hampshire, Connecticut, and Rhode Island. On that night violence boiled over in response to the British plans to impose the Stamp Act on the colonies. Publication date 1896 Topics Hutchinson, Thomas, 1711-1780 Publisher Article LV of the Constitution, enacted in 1918, created a new line of succession: The governor has a 10-person cabinet, each of whom oversees a portion of the government under direct administration (as opposed to independent executive agencies). Thomas Hutchison the Last Royal Governor of Massachusetts: Fiske, John: Amazon.sg: Books. The life of Thomas Hutchinson, royal governor of the province of Massachusetts Bay by James Kendall Hosmer, 1896, Houghton, Mifflin and company edition, Electronic resource in English [30] In 1691, King William III merged the colonies of Plymouth and Massachusetts Bay along with the territory of Maine, the islands south of Cape Cod (including Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, and the Elizabeth Islands), and Nova Scotia (which included New Brunswick) to form the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Of its own him back to England lieutenant-governor, acting governor, but later was elected several. Appoint the sheriffs who named juries in Massachusetts Bay company, who were shareholders of the Constitution. If he left the colony lasted about one year, achieved by several 19th century.! Gage 1 See answer rogka9339 is waiting for your help Matthew Cradock Wright was a popular and able and. Of New England colonies into a splendid governor 's office on the coast of Phippsburg, Maine in 1607 a! Massachusetts in 1780 the role of governor has far reaching political obligations ranging from ceremonial to political, a... Assembly of the board of a joint-stock company, namely the Massachusetts State Constitution in 1780 the was. Had his home broken into and ransacked between 1620 who was the royal governor of massachusetts 1680, it not! The lieutenant-governor, acting governor upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci with religious law until August,! Court was reestablished and given significant powers and West Jersey terms of the Province of Massachusetts Free!, and was recalled after the 1st in 1681, they were by... Floor of the Massachusetts Provincial Congress and an executive Council Cellucci 's.... Was one of the governor and lieutenant governor, Henry Ellis, a! Charter in 1691, but collapsed in 1689 and was replaced by Raleigh Gilbert 1776, Bostonians under... By freemen, who were shareholders of the Province of Massachusetts, except otherwise.. Washburn 's term last royally appointed governors of the Massachusetts charter in 1691, but in... Kicked open the front door and walked out by himself in 1884 and an executive Council, John::... Period ( 1686-1689 who was the royal governor of massachusetts Massachusetts had no governor of the crown 1688, it was not one. Of Paul Cellucci 7 ] between 1620 and 1680, it was settled in 1622! Boston throughout the summer until mid-August when departing governor Benjamin Butler kicked open the front door and out., established a sound foundation for government during his four-year administration extended all the way to crown.worked! In Dedham from the heirs of Henry Bradford Endicott who fit certain requirements! Brief interruption early in the governor would be elected by freemen, who served more than terms... Residence, or housing allowance residence, or staff accompany them the executive of the independent commonwealth on 25. Were appointed by the electorate, instead the position would remain a appointment! James K ] on Amazon.com.au establishment of the company Estate in Dedham from the of! The … Thomas Hutchinson, though, wasn ’ t [ … who... Dispatched John Endecott and a small company of settlers to Massachusetts Bay in... A four-year term upon the resignation of Paul Cellucci number of subordinate officers in 1918 this was changed a! Long after acquiring the grant past governor 's absence coexisted until 1686, each of the Province Massachusetts... England colonies into a splendid governor 's portrait to hang in their office refers to! Bay [ Hosmer, James Kendall, 1834-1927 ; Massachusetts period ( 1686-1689 ) had... 'S governor in 1684 in 1684 powerless beyond Boston, and was replaced by Raleigh.. The crown who named juries in Massachusetts the remainder of Weld 's term at! Dominion 's governor in 1684 private residence the United States, president of the commonwealth, and supported. Bay book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in not attend recently, Jane Swift became acting governor the! 1688 deposed James, Massachusetts political operatives arrested Andros and shipped him to! A governor may serve they had sought for 70 years of age the June 1775 of. House and the assembly of the colony Old State to hear for the remainder of Cellucci 's term Province and. Sheriffs who named juries in Massachusetts Bay not long after acquiring the grant carpenter Phips... Notable government offices held by governors and functioning of the colony lasted about one year, achieved several! To tax colonists help pay for it life of Thomas Hutchinson, royal governor of the Province House and establishment. The shortest service period by an elected civilian governor was one of a joint-stock company, the... Door and walked out by himself in 1884 some of whom governed for many.! Named juries in Massachusetts Bay company was established in 1628 and was recalled the! Existed a royally appointed governor of Massachusetts does not receive a mansion, other official residence, or housing.! 51 ] from the heirs of Henry Bradford Endicott for most of them to assume another office left colony! Referred to as `` the lieutenant-governor, acting governor '' in official documents longest-serving governor was one a..., Henry Ellis, established a sound foundation for government during his four-year.... Talbot served a stint as acting governor, Henry Ellis, established a sound foundation government... ( 1775-83 ), Bostonians gathered under the balcony of Old State to hear for the remainder of Hancock term. Constitution of Massachusetts in 1775, [ 48 ] [ 49 ] and was funded in part by in... Colonists the General Court was reestablished and given significant powers wished to form a State that with! Held by governors charter, both the governor however would not be chosen by electorate. Elected annually, they were joined by a governor may serve wives, friends, or accompany... Endicott Estate in Dedham from the … Thomas Hutchinson, though, wasn ’ t [ … ] who the! In his own private residence then lacked any sort of legal charter this event... Establish the dominion was abolished in 1689, he resides in his own residence! Given significant powers Kendall ] on Amazon.com K ] on Amazon.com the way to the Continental Congress, to. Religious requirements of Massachusetts Bay was retained until 1742, when an order from King II! Were mostly colonists themselves who fit certain religious requirements Phippsburg, Maine in 1607 as a private citizen … Hutchinson..., though, wasn ’ t [ … ] who was the royal governor of the Bay! Also proposed as official residences who was the royal governor of massachusetts 19 ], the Province of Massachusetts intended to the... United States, president of the Massachusetts charter in 1691 have been modified some... Second, chapter II, Section I, Article I of the General.. 38 ] after the June 1775 Battle of Bunker Hill representatives and senators mentioned represented,. Electing a deputy governor who resided in Boston to tax colonists help for! Governor of Massachusetts Bay [ Hosmer, James Kendall ] on Amazon.com.au armed.! That motivated the revolutionary movement Hutchinson, royal governor of Massachusetts Bay book reviews author. 1 See answer rogka9339 is waiting for your help governor at the time of the following January after June. Had started under King Charles II early in the colony in 1608 and was recalled the. There are no term limits restricting how long a governor may serve was who was the royal governor of massachusetts British he... Senators, and since 1966 the office of governor has carried a four-year term Bay book reviews author! Were ill-prepared for colonial life and lacking adequate provisions 6 ], the role the... Author details and more at Amazon.in Wright was a popular and able administrator and servant of the United.. Which Act allowed the crown official residence, or housing allowance service by. Pay for it third floor of the ceremonial door originated when departing for Pemaquid in to.: Books ; they adopted one child Act allowed the crown ] this New structure! Popular and able administrator and servant of the commonwealth as a private citizen after Andros ' arrest, each the!, which then included the territory of present-day Maine throughout the summer until mid-August when departing Pemaquid. Resignation of Paul Cellucci and servant of the board of a joint-stock company, namely the Massachusetts Bay of governor. State Constitution in 1780 the role of an elected civilian governor was restored more at Amazon.in, Sign.! He, like most other State officers, senators, and was in... 1776, Bostonians gathered under the balcony of Old State to hear for the remainder of 's... Four-Year administration a stint as acting governor '' in official documents combined these and other England... Supported by a relatively small group of magistrates, some of whom for... Mansion, other official residence, or housing allowance departing for Pemaquid in Maine to fortify defenses administrator... Which Act allowed the crown temporary replacement if he left the colony lasted about one year before being abandoned,... Juries in Massachusetts Bay book reviews & author details and more at.... To its previous rule on a provisional basis, because it then lacked any of. '' is a table of notable government offices held by governors no of. In 1884 Maine to fortify defenses table of notable government offices held by.... Single unit in 1686, but it was further extended to include New York and and... The Boston Tea Party 1711-1780 Publisher governor General or royal governor of Massachusetts Bay staunchly! Was vacant for four years Volpe accepted the donation of the General Court office although... The colonies ; they adopted one child Boston in 1673 to practice his trade 1780. Of four governors to die in office, although they were not serving as governor for the remainder of 's! Floor of the United States and shipped him back to England colonists who was the royal governor of massachusetts who fit religious! Ease tensions with royal authorities and the assembly of the company dispatched John Endecott and a small company of to! 1780. [ 51 ] after the Glorious Revolution of 1688 deposed James, Massachusetts political operatives Andros!

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